Chemical fixation methods for Raman spectroscopy-based analysis of bacteria

Read, Daniel S. ORCID:; Whiteley, Andrew S.. 2015 Chemical fixation methods for Raman spectroscopy-based analysis of bacteria. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 109. 79-83.

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Preservation of biological samples for downstream analysis is important for analytical methods that measure the biochemical composition of a sample. One such method, Raman microspectroscopy, is commonly used as a rapid phenotypic technique to measure biomolecular composition for the purposes of identification and discrimination of species and strains of bacteria, as well as investigating physiological responses to external stressors and the uptake of stable isotope-labelled substrates in single cells. This study examines the influence of a number of common chemical fixation and inactivation methods on the Raman spectrum of six species of bacteria. Modifications to the Raman-phenotype caused by fixation were compared to unfixed control samples using difference spectra and Principal Components Analysis (PCA). Additionally, the effect of fixation on the ability to accurately classify bacterial species using their Raman phenotype was determined. The results showed that common fixatives such as glutaraldehyde and ethanol cause significant changes to the Raman spectra of bacteria, whereas formaldehyde and sodium azide were better at preserving spectral features.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Rees (from October 2014)
ISSN: 0167-7012
Additional Keywords: Raman spectroscopy, fixation, phenotype, bacteria
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 16 Jan 2015 12:21 +0 (UTC)

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