Recent palaeolimnological change recorded in Lake Xiaolongwan, northeast China: Climatic versus anthropogenic forcing

Panizzo, Virginia N.; Mackay, Anson W.; Rose, Neil L.; Rioual, Patrick; Leng, Melanie J. ORCID: 2013 Recent palaeolimnological change recorded in Lake Xiaolongwan, northeast China: Climatic versus anthropogenic forcing [in special issue: The Baikal-Hokkaido Archaeology Project: Environmental archives, proxies and reconstruction approaches] Quaternary International, 290-291. 322-334.

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Lake Xiaolongwan is a closed maar lake located in the Long Gang Volcanic Field, northeast China. Core XLW2 was collected in 2007 from the central region of the lake and provides a palaeoecological reconstruction over the past ca. 130 years (dated using radiometric methods: 210Pb and 137Cs). Diatom floristic changes and catchment productivity (carbon isotope ratios) were analysed within the core. Indicators of atmospheric pollution (XRF and SCP inventories) were also measured. Results show a marked transition from a dominant benthic assemblage to a planktonic one (increasing P:B ratios) starting after ca. 1940 AD, becoming most prominent after ca. 1980 AD (P:B > 1). Most notable floristic changes result from the increase in the planktonic species Discostella woltereckii. These changes are concomitant with increased temperature trends from the region and reconstructed temperature anomalies of the Northern Hemisphere. SCP concentrations and flux rates also increase after ca. 1950 AD, with highest values seen at ca. 1980 AD after which values decline. Normalised elemental geochemistry (e.g. Pb/Ti) also show marked changes after ca. 1970 AD, most likely derived from atmospheric deposition of Pb. The recent increase in D. woltereckii precedes anthropogenic contamination (Pb/Ti) at the site and persists after the decline in SCP concentrations. This suggests that the recent increases are driven by increased mean annual temperature trends. These temperature trends may be manifested as changes in ice cover persistence, a longer growing season and/or increased DOC at Lake Xiaolongwan: conditions for which planktonic species have a more competitive advantage.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
ISSN: 10406182
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This paper published Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution licence
Date made live: 15 Oct 2013 13:34 +0 (UTC)

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