Characterisation of iron binding ligands in seawater by reverse titration

Hawkes, Jeffrey A.; Gledhill, Martha; Connelly, Douglas P.; Achterberg, Eric P.. 2013 Characterisation of iron binding ligands in seawater by reverse titration. Analytica Chimica Acta, 766. 53-60.

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Here we demonstrate the use of reverse titration - competitive ligand exchange–adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (RT-CLE–ACSV) for the analysis of iron (Fe) binding ligands in seawater. In contrast to the forward titration, which examines excess ligands in solution, RT-CLE–ACSV examines the existing Fe-ligand complexes by increasing the concentration of added (electroactive) ligand (1-nitroso-2-naphthol) and analysis of the proportion of Fe bound to the added ligand. The data manipulation allows the accurate characterisation of ligands at equal or lower concentrations than Fe in seawater, and disregards electrochemically inert dissolved Fe such as some colloidal phases. The method is thus superior to the forward titration in environments with high Fe and low ligand concentrations or high concentrations of inert Fe. We validated the technique using the siderophore ligand ferrioxamine B, and observed a stability constant K′Fe3+FoB of 0.74–4.37 × 1021 mol−1, in agreement with previous results. We also successfully analysed samples from coastal waters and a deep ocean hydrothermal plume. Samples from these environments could not be analysed with confidence using the forward titration, highlighting the effectiveness of the RT-CLE–ACSV technique in waters with high concentrations of inert Fe.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: NOC Programmes
ISSN: 00032670
Date made live: 28 Feb 2013 10:33 +0 (UTC)

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