The effect of environmental change on early Aptian ostracods faunas in the Wessex Basin, southern England

Wilkinson, Ian. 2008 The effect of environmental change on early Aptian ostracods faunas in the Wessex Basin, southern England. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 51. 259-272.

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A major phase of transgression in the Wessex Basin (southern England) during the earliest Aptian resulted in the collapse of the generally fresh water Barremian environment and the initiation of the marine milieu. Cypridea-rich faunas in the Shepherd's Chine Member (Vectis Formation), were gradually replaced by faunas dominated by Sternbergella cornigera, Mantelliana mantelli and Theriosynoecum fittoni. This change is interpreted as indicating that salinities had passed from fresh-oligohaline to meso- and pliohaline and that ephemeral water bodies were replaced by more widespread, permanent, lagoonal waters. The ostracods from the highest part of the Vectis Formation appear to be heralding the major transgression that was about to engulf the Wessex Basin. The marine incursion during the obsoletus Ammonite Subzone brought with it newly formed environmental niches that were rapidly occupied by microfaunas. Several ostracod species are interpreted as euryhaline, but others appear to have been restricted to marine or near marine salinities. The earliest marine ostracod faunas were recorded from the Perna Bed Member, Isle of Wight, and include abundant Asciocythere albae and frequent to common Schuleridea derooi, Neocythere gottisi, N. bordeti and Cytherelloidea sp. Other species include rare Cythereis geometrica, C. semiaperta, Eocytheropteron stchepinskyi and Protocythere croutesensis. In addition, elsewhere in southern England, Protocythere mertensi langi, Dolocytheridea intermedia, Paranotacythere (P.) oertlii and P. (P.) atypica occur. The relationship of this earliest Aptian population with that of the Paris Basin cannot be mistaken.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2008 > Geology and Landscape England
Additional Keywords: Great Britain, Ostracoda, Aptian, Wessex Basin, Southwest England
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 10 Oct 2008 08:56 +0 (UTC)

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