On the influence of stratification and tidal forcing upon mixing in sill regions

Davies, Alan M.; Xing, Jiuxing. 2007 On the influence of stratification and tidal forcing upon mixing in sill regions. Ocean Dynamics, 57 (4-5). 431-451.

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A cross-sectional non-hydrostatic model with idealized topography was used to examine the processes influencing tidal mixing in the region of sills. Initial calculations with appropriate parameters for the sill at the entrance to Loch Etive showed that the model could reproduce the main features of the observed mixing in the region. In particular, the hydraulic jump in the sill region was reproduced, as was an intense mid-water jet that was observed to separate from the lee side of the sill. Shear instabilities associated with the jet appeared to be a source of mixing within the thermocline. In addition, internal lee waves were generated on the lee side of the sill, with the observed amplification because of trapping during the flood stage. Their magnitude and hence the mixing increased with increasing Froude number (F (r)). In the case of vertically varying buoyancy frequency, its value near the sill top determined the F (r) number, with its value below influencing internal waves magnitude at depth. At high F (r) values particularly with strong currents, short waves and overturning occurred.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: Oceans 2025 > Integration of sustained observations
Additional Keywords: ISI REF OPM2007 AR0708 AJWNOV07 NISCNOV07 OCEANS 2025 THEME 9 WP 9.1 LLH9101 PROG2 JOURNAL
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Date made live: 07 Oct 2008 12:28 +0 (UTC)

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