Temporal trends (1990 - 2000) in the concentration of cadmium, lead and mercury in mosses across Europe

Harmens, Harry; Norris, David A.; Koerber, Georgia R.; Buse, Alan; Steinnes, Eiliv; Rühling, Ake. 2008 Temporal trends (1990 - 2000) in the concentration of cadmium, lead and mercury in mosses across Europe. Environmental Pollution, 151 (2). 368-376.

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Abstract The European heavy metals in mosses survey provides data on the concentration of 10 heavy metals in naturally growing mosses. The survey has been repeated at five-yearly intervals and in this paper we report on the temporal trends in the concentration of cadmium, lead and mercury between 1990 and 2000. Metal- and country-specific temporal trends were observed. In general, the concentration of lead and cadmium in mosses decreased between 1990 and 2000; the decline was higher for lead than cadmium. For mercury not enough data were available to establish temporal trends between 1990 and 1995, but between 1995 and 2000 the mercury concentration in mosses did not change across Europe. The observed temporal trends for the concentrations in mosses were similar to the trends reported for the modelled total deposition of cadmium, lead and mercury in Europe.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > BG03 Quantifying the growing threat to plant and human health from ground level ozone > BG03.1 Field Studies of Ozone Effects on Semi-Natural Vegetation
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Emmett
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: The definitive version of this paper is available at
Additional Keywords: Biomonitoring, EMEP maps, Heavy metals, Metal deposition, Moss survey
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 25 Feb 2008 15:14 +0 (UTC)

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