Using high resolution Numerical Weather Prediction models to reduce and estimate uncertainty in flood forecasting

Cole, S. J.; Moore, R. J.; Roberts, N.. 2007 Using high resolution Numerical Weather Prediction models to reduce and estimate uncertainty in flood forecasting. Eos Trans. AGU, 88 (52 Fal), Abstract H52A-03.

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Forecast rainfall from Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and/or nowcasting systems is a major source of uncertainty for short-term flood forecasting. One approach for reducing and estimating this uncertainty is to use high resolution NWP models that should provide better rainfall predictions. The potential benefit of running the Met Office Unified Model (UM) with a grid spacing of 4 and 1 km compared to the current operational resolution of 12 km is assessed using the January 2005 Carlisle flood in northwest England. These NWP rainfall forecasts, and forecasts from the Nimrod nowcasting system, were fed into the lumped Probability Distributed Model (PDM) and the distributed Grid-to-Grid model to predict river flow at the outlets of two catchments important for flood warning. The results show the benefit of increased resolution in the UM, the benefit of coupling the high- resolution rainfall forecasts to hydrological models and the improvement in timeliness of flood warning that might have been possible. Ongoing work aims to employ these NWP rainfall forecasts in ensemble form as part of a procedure for estimating the uncertainty of flood forecasts.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Water > WA01 Water extremes > WA01.1 New methodologies to quantify floods, flows and droughts
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Boorman (to September 2014)
NORA Subject Terms: Meteorology and Climatology
Earth Sciences
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Date made live: 25 Jan 2008 10:01 +0 (UTC)

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