Characterising sand and gravel deposits using electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) : case histories from England and Wales

Chambers, J.E.; Wilkinson, P.B.; Weller, A.; Meldrum, P.I.; Kuras, O.; Ogilvy, R.D.; Aumonier, J.; Bailey, E.; Griffiths, N.; Matthews, B.; Penn, S.; Wardrop, D.. 2012 Characterising sand and gravel deposits using electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) : case histories from England and Wales. In: Walton, Geoffrey; Hunger, Emily, (eds.) Proceedings of the 16th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, held at the University of Portsmouth 8th to 11th September 2010. Extractive Industry Geology Conference, 166-172.

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Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) is a rapidly developing geophysical imaging technique that is now widely used to visualise subsurface geological structure, groundwater and lithological variations. It is being increasingly used in environmental and engineering site investigations, but despite its suitability and potential benefits, ERT has yet to be routinely applied by the minerals industry to sand and gravel deposit assessment and quarry planning. The principal advantages of ERT for this application are that it is a cost-effective non-invasive method, which can provide 2D or 3D spatial models of the subsurface throughout the full region of interest. This complements intrusive sampling methods, which typically provide information only at discrete locations. Provided that suitable resistivity contrasts are present, ERT has the potential to reveal mineral and overburden thickness and quality variations within the body of the deposit. Here we present a number of case studies from the UK illustrating the use of 2D and 3D ERT for sand and gravel deposit investigation in a variety of geological settings. We use these case studies to evaluate the performance of ERT, and to illustrate good practice in the application of ERT to deposit investigation. We propose an integrated approach to site investigation and quarry planning incorporating both conventional intrusive methods and ERT.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > Minerals and waste
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: ISBN 9780955234630
Date made live: 09 Nov 2012 12:57 +0 (UTC)

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