Geology of the country around Llanilar and Rhayader : memoir for 1:50 000 geological sheets 178 and 179 (England and Wales)

Davies, J.R.; Fletcher, C.J.N.; Waters, R.A.; Wilson, D.. 1997 Geology of the country around Llanilar and Rhayader : memoir for 1:50 000 geological sheets 178 and 179 (England and Wales). London, UK, Stationery Office, 284pp. (Memoir (Sheet) British Geological Survey (England & Wales), 178).

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This memoir describes the geology of a corridor across central Wales extending from Cardigan Bay in the west, across the Cambrian Mountains, to Llandrindod Wells in the east. As such, it provides a detailed, east–west transect across the central part of the Lower Palaeozoic Welsh Basin onto the western edge of the Midland Platform. The exposed basin fill is dominated by a variety of mudand sand-dominated turbidite systems of latest Ordovician to early Silurian age. Using data from the mapping, and palaeontological and sedimentological studies, the memoir represents the first detailed sedimentary architecture for this part of the basin. It details the characteristics of each turbidite system and discusses the depositional processes involved. Factors governing the evolution of the various systems include the direction and rate of sediment supply, eustasy, and intrabasinal growth faulting resulting from the reactivation of basement structures. Similar, but structually dislocated, turbidite systems of mid- to late-Ordovician age are exposed near the basin margin. Mid-Ordovician to early Silurian shelf sequences, including the richly fossiliferous mudstones and volcanic tuffs of the Ordovician Builth Inlier, are also described. Computer modelling of the regional gravity and aeromagnetic databases has provided east–west profiles across the district, and located the position and approximate depths of several of the basement faults. The structural history of the region, dominated by the low-grade metamorphism and deformation of the basin fill during the Acadian Orogeny (early to mid- Devonian), receives comprehensive treatment. Several of the late stage faults contain lead, zinc and silver ore; the disused mines form part of the Central Wales Mining Field. The geological setting, mineralogy and genesis of these mineralised veins is described. Glacial deposits are widespread across the district, and include tills derived from the local Welsh ice and the Irish Sea ice sheet.

Item Type: Publication - Book
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Geology and Landscape Southern
ISBN: 0118845101
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Available from the BGS Sales Desk Tel: 0115 936 3241 Fax: 0115 936 3488 email
Date made live: 31 Aug 2012 12:20 +0 (UTC)

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