Frond development gradients are a determinant of the impact of zinc on photosynthesis in three species of Lemnaceae

Lahive, Elma; O’Halloran, John; Jansen, Marcel A.K.. 2012 Frond development gradients are a determinant of the impact of zinc on photosynthesis in three species of Lemnaceae. Aquatic Botany, 101. 55-63.

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Chlorophyll-a fluorescence is an effective tool for measuring photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is particularly sensitive to the presence of zinc or other metals. Plant age and developmental stage strongly influence the effects of metals on the photosynthetic apparatus. However, there is little information on how this may affect toxicological assessment in plants. In this study, three Lemnaceae species were exposed to a range of zinc concentration in static, batch exposures for seven days, as detailed for Lemnaceae toxicity testing in OECD guidelines. Effects of zinc on photosynthetic performance in the three species were measured over the seven days. The maximum quantum efficiency of photosystem II, Fv/Fm, the effective quantum efficiency, Y(II), and photochemical quenching, qP, were measured in mature and young fronds, as well as along a developmental gradient within fronds. Fv/Fm and Y(II) in young, emerging Landoltia punctata fronds were more severely impacted by zinc than in developed, mature fronds. Furthermore, younger proximal sections of L. punctata fronds were more impacted than older distal frond sections. Overall, Fv/Fm and Y(II) also tended to be more affected by zinc in young, compared to mature, Lemna gibba and Lemna minor fronds. Single colony, time-point or leaf-zone analyses may not, therefore, show the full biological picture of the impact of a toxicant, while species-specific differences need also to be considered. Therefore, selection of Lemnaceae species and developmental stages of fronds should be given careful consideration when using chlorophyll-a fluorometry for assessing chemical toxicity in Lemnaceae.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 1 - Observations, Patterns, and Predictions for Biodiversity
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 2 - Ecological Processes in the Environment
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Hails
ISSN: 0304-3770
Additional Keywords: chlorophyll-a fluorescence, zinc, Lemna, Landoltia, plant age, frond development
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 23 Jul 2012 11:19 +0 (UTC)

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