Biogeography and Regional Classifications of Antarctica

Convey, P. ORCID:; Barnes, D K.A. ORCID:; Griffiths, H.J. ORCID:; Grant, S.M. ORCID:; Linse, K. ORCID:; Thomas, D.N.. 2012 Biogeography and Regional Classifications of Antarctica. In: Rogers, Alex D.; Johnston, Nadine M.; Murphy, Eugene J. ORCID:; Clarke, Andrew ORCID:, (eds.) Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing World. Blackwell Publishing, 469-491.

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In this chapter we refer to the ‘Antarctic’ in its widest sense. On land, we include the Antarctic continent and Peninsula, the various archipelagos of the Scotia arc, and the sub- and peri-Antarctic islands. In the marine environment, we include the entire Southern Ocean, formed by the provinces of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans that are south of the mean position of the Antarctic Polar Front. Within this vast area of the planet’s surface (Figure 15.1) are found a wide range of environments and biota. We also consider biological diversity, as defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity, to encompass ‘the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems’ (Anon, 2009).

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Environmental Change and Evolution
BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
Additional Keywords: Conservation, Management aspects, Biogeography, Antarctica Smaller-scale regionalization, Littoral environment, Terrestrial environment, Physical regions, Pelagic realm, Marine environment
Date made live: 06 Jun 2012 18:05 +0 (UTC)

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