Widespread amplification of amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) in marine Antarctic animals

Hoffman, J.I.; Clark, M.S. ORCID:; Amos, W.; Peck, L.S. ORCID: 2012 Widespread amplification of amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) in marine Antarctic animals. Polar Biology, 35 (6). 919-929.

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Although recent years have witnessed a rapid growth in the number of genetic studies of Antarctic organisms, relatively few studies have so far used nuclear markers, possibly due to the perceived cost and diYculty of isolating markers such as microsatellites. However, an often overlooked alternative is to use ampliWed fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), a versatile and low-cost method capable of generating large numbers of predominantly nuclear loci in virtually any organism. We conducted a literature review of population genetic studies of Antarctic organisms, Wnding that fewer than 10% used AFLPs. Moreover, a strong taxonomic bias was found, with studies employing mitochondrial DNA or microsatellites focussing predominantly on animals, while those using AFLPs were mostly of plants or lower organisms. Consequently, we explored the extent to which AFLPs amplify across a range of Antarctic marine animal taxa by genotyping eight individuals each of twelve diVerent species, ranging from echinoderms through soft corals to pelagic Wsh, at four selective primer combinations. AFLPs readily ampliWed across all of the taxa, generating between 32 and 84 loci per species, with on average 56.5% of these being polymorphic. In general, levels of polymorphism bore little relationship with expectations based on larger populations of broadcastspawning species being more variable, though we did find a tentative positive correlation between the number of AFLP bands ampliWed and a measure of eVective population size. Our study lends further support for the utility and ease of use of AFLPs and their suitability for studies of Antarctic species across a wide range of taxa.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
ISSN: 0722-4060
Additional Keywords: Genetic marker, Polar Marine biota, Population structure, Genetic diversity, Life history
Date made live: 10 May 2012 10:43 +0 (UTC)

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