Countermeasures for animal products: a review of effectiveness and potential usefulness after an accident

Howard, Brenda .J.; Beresford, Nicholas A.; Voigt, Gabriele. 2001 Countermeasures for animal products: a review of effectiveness and potential usefulness after an accident. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 56 (1-2). 115-137.

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Over the last decade, there has been considerable progress in the development of countermeasures for preventing or reducing contamination of animal products by radioisotopes of iodine, caesium and strontium. In this paper, recent significant technical improvements are summarised and the current availability of countermeasures and their usefulness in the event of a nuclear accident reviewed. An improved understanding of factors controlling the metabolism of radioiodine and radiostrontium has enabled previously suggested countermeasures to be either optimised or dismissed. For radiocaesium in particular, experience since the Chernobyl accident has enabled effective and feasible countermeasures to be identified and successfully implemented in different situations. It has also been more widely understood that countermeasure effectiveness, although important, is not the only criterion which needs to be determined. In addition, cost and practical considerations such as availability, technical feasibility, acceptability and side-effects need to be taken into account. Evaluation of these factors has shown that some previously recommended countermeasures are unlikely to be feasible.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Other
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: _ Environmental Chemistry & Pollution
ISSN: 0265-931X
Additional Keywords: radioecology, countermeasures, radioiodine, radiocaesium, radiostrontium, review, ruminants
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 03 May 2012 10:41 +0 (UTC)

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