Igneous processes within late Precambrian volcanic centres near Whitwick, northwestern Charnwood Forest

Carney, John. 2000 Igneous processes within late Precambrian volcanic centres near Whitwick, northwestern Charnwood Forest. Mercian Geologist, 15 (1). 7-28.

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Precambrian rocks in northwestern Chamwood Forest differ markedly from their lateral equivalents to the east and south. They are subdivided into the Whitwick Volcanic Complex, of massive to intensely brecciated high-silica andesites and porphyritic dacites, and the Chamwood Lodge Volcanic Formation, which is a thickly bedded sequence of mainly andesitic to dacitic volcanic breccias and lapillituffs. Lithological elements common to both of these units are indicated by field, petrographical and geochemical evidence, which suggests the existence of two 'genetic associations' of rock-types. These associations, and various other units that are distinctive to this region, form the basis of a model that views the Whitwick Complex as an aggregation of magmatic feeder bodies that supplied material, in the form of blocks and lapilli, to a volcaniclastic apron represented by the Chamwood Lodge Formation. The analogues for these rocks can be drawn from the axial magmatic zones of modem or geologically very young volcanic arc systems. The high-silica (dacitic and rhyolitic) Charnian magmas were intruded into unconsolidated wet sediments, resulting in physical interactions that generated peperitic lithologies and related breccias. By contrast, the andesitic magmas may have extruded subaerially as lava domes that periodically collapsed, giving rise to block and ash pyroclastic flows and lahars.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Other
ISSN: 0025-990X
Date made live: 16 Dec 2011 10:09 +0 (UTC)

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