Geomagnetic field, global pattern

Macmillan, Susan. 2011 Geomagnetic field, global pattern. In: Gupta, Harsh K., (ed.) Encyclopedia of solid earth geophysics. Springer, 7pp.

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The geomagnetic field is generated in the fluid outer core region of the Earth by electrical currents flowing in the slowly moving molten iron. In addition to sources in the Earth’s core, the geomagnetic field observable on the Earth’s surface has sources in the crust and in the ionosphere and magnetosphere. The signal from the core dominates, accounting for over 95% of the field at the Earth’s surface. The geomagnetic field varies on a range of scales, both temporal and spatial; the description of the variations made here concentrates on the recent spatial and temporal variations of the field with origins in the Earth’s core that can be surmised from observations made over the last four centuries.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > Earth hazards and systems
ISBN: 9789048187010
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 19 Jul 2011 15:20 +0 (UTC)

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