Thermochronological history of an orogen-passive margin system : an example from northern Mozambique

Emmel, B.; Kumar, R.; Ueda, K.; Jacobs, J.; Daszinnies, M.C.; Thomas, R.J.; Matola, R.. 2011 Thermochronological history of an orogen-passive margin system : an example from northern Mozambique. Tectonics, 30, TC2002. 21, pp.

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In this paper, we present a conceptual model to describe the post!Pan!African (<!500 Ma) basement cooling pattern for NE Mozambique. The cooling history is derived from combined low!temperature thermochronological dating methods comprising titanite, zircon and apatite fission track data. After Pan!African orogenesis (!620–530 Ma) the Precambrian basement was subject to extensional tectonics and a relatively slow Lower Ordovician to Recent cooling with rates of !2.2°C to 0.1°C Myr−1. Basement rock cooling was mainly a response to Late Paleozoic to Mesozoic rifting between northern Mozambique and East Gondwana during the opening of the Rovuma and Mozambique sedimentary basins. Meanwhile, different dynamic margin and basin types evolved along the eastern and southern continental margins of NE Mozambique. During the Late Carboniferous–Triassic an intracontinental rift opened between NE Mozambique and East Antarctica, and the fastest denudation was focused along the present southern continental margin. Since the Middle Jurassic, tectonic denudation along the Rovuma margin was localized in a narrow zone, some 30 km wide, associated with erosion along strike!slip faults. In contrast, the Jurassic! Cretaceous opening and ocean crust formation in the Mozambique Basin were accompanied with an unusually uniform Late Cretaceous cooling pattern over a large area (!150,000 km2) of the basin hinterland. This pattern can be explained by isostatic and erosional response to magmatic underplating or differential stretching, whereby the old Pan!African lithospheric structure appears to have important controls on later events.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > BGS Corporate
ISSN: 0278-7407
Additional Keywords: Tectonics, Mozambique
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 14 Mar 2011 11:23 +0 (UTC)

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