Copper mineralisation near Middleton Tyas, North Yorkshire

Wadge, A.J.; Hudson, J.M.; Patrick, D.J.; Smith, I.F.; Evans, A.D.; Appleton, J.D.; Bateson, J.H.. 1982 Copper mineralisation near Middleton Tyas, North Yorkshire. British Geological Survey, 33pp. (WF/MR/82/054) (Unpublished)

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.

Download (3MB)


Historical accounts of copper mining near Middleton Tyas in the 18th century show that small tonnages of very rich ore were dug from veins, flats or irregular cavities in the Underset Limestone. The mineralisation probably originated from metalliferous brines migrating from the Stainmore Trough or a similar Lower Carboniferous sedimentary basin to the east. The possibility that the mineralisation was syngenetic has been investigated but is now discounted; similarly, boreholes through the local Permian succession to test whether a Kupferschiefer facies of the Marl Slate is present locally, gave negative results. The primary copper sulphides were subsequently enhanced in grade by supergene enrichment under arid conditions during early Permian times. Much of the outcrop of the Main and Underset limestones within the Middleton Tyas anticline is heavily drift-covered. Anomalous copper values in soils have been found over about 6 sq km, but it is not known whether these are due to ice dispersion or whether they mark hidden copper deposits. An IP survey in the area was hampered by the presence of strong artificial conductors.

Item Type: Publication - Report
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Other
Funders/Sponsors: Department of Industry
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This item has been internally reviewed but not externally peer-reviewed
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 01 Nov 2010 13:50 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...