Interaction between groundwater, the hyporheic zone and a Chalk stream : a case study from the River Lambourn, UK

Allen, D.J.; Darling, W.G.; Gooddy, D.C.; Lapworth, D.J. ORCID:; Newell, A.J.; Williams, A.T.; Allen, D.; Abesser, C.. 2010 Interaction between groundwater, the hyporheic zone and a Chalk stream : a case study from the River Lambourn, UK. Hydrogeology Journal, 18 (5). 1125-1141.

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Understanding the processes controlling groundwater/surface-water interaction is essential for effective resource management and for protecting sensitive ecosystems. Through intensive monitoring of Chalk groundwater, shallow gravel groundwater and surface water in the River Lambourn, UK, using a combination of hydrochemical and hydrophysical techniques, a complex pattern of interactions has been elucidated. The river is broadly in hydraulic contact with the streambed sediments and adjacent gravels and sands, but these deposits are mainly hydraulically separate from the underlying Chalk at the site. The hydraulic relationship between the river and underlying alluvium is variable, involving components of groundwater flow both parallel and transverse to the river and with both effluent and influent behaviour seen. While the gravel aquifer is significant in controlling groundwater/surface-water interaction, its importance as a route for flow down the catchment is likely to be modest compared with river discharge. The hydrological complexity revealed in a geological setting typical of lowland UK Chalk streams has implications both for investigation methods and for management such as in the setting of environmental objectives in the European Water Framework Directive.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > Groundwater Science
ISSN: 1431-2174
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater, Catchment processes, Surface water interaction
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Related URLs:
Date made live: 30 Sep 2010 13:07 +0 (UTC)

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