nerc.ac.uk

International response under the Antarctic Treaty System to the establishment of a non-native fly in Antarctica

Remedios-De León, Mónica; Hughes, Kevin A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2701-726X; Morelli, Enrique; Convey, Peter ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8497-9903. 2021 International response under the Antarctic Treaty System to the establishment of a non-native fly in Antarctica. Environmental Management, 67. 1043-1059. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01464-z

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (Open Access)
© The Author(s) 2021.
León2021_Article_InternationalResponseUnderTheA.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Antarctica currently has few non-native species, compared to other regions of the planet, due to the continent’s isolation, extreme climatic conditions and the lack of habitat. However, human activity, particularly the activities of national government operators and tourism, increasingly contributes to the risk of non-native species transfer and establishment. Trichocera (Saltitrichocera) maculipennis Meigen, 1888 (Diptera, Trichoceridae) is a non-native fly originating from the Northern Hemisphere that was unintentionally introduced to King George Island in the maritime Antarctic South Shetland Islands around 15 years ago, since when it has been reported within or in the vicinity of several research stations. It is not explicitly confirmed that T. maculipennis has established in the natural environment, but life-history characteristics make this likely, thereby making potential eradication or control a challenge. Antarctic Treaty Parties active in the region are developing a coordinated and expanding international response to monitor and control T. maculipennis within and around stations in the affected area. However, there remains no overarching non-native invasive species management plan for the island or the wider maritime Antarctic region (which shares similar environmental conditions and habitats to those of King George Island). Here we present some options towards the development of such a plan. We recommend the development of (1) clear mechanisms for the timely coordination of response activities by multiple Parties operating in the vicinity of the introduction location and (2) policy guidance on acceptable levels of environmental impacts resulting from eradication attempts in the natural environment, including the use of pesticides.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01464-z
ISSN: 0364152X
Additional Keywords: invasive, alien, eradication, Antarctic Treaty, Committee for Environmental Protection
Date made live: 16 Apr 2021 09:15 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/529048

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...