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A combined machine learning and residual analysis approach for improved retrieval of shallow bathymetry from hyperspectral imagery and sparse ground truth data

Alevizos, Evangelos. 2020 A combined machine learning and residual analysis approach for improved retrieval of shallow bathymetry from hyperspectral imagery and sparse ground truth data. Remote Sensing, 12 (21), 3489. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12213489

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Abstract/Summary

Mapping shallow bathymetry by means of optical remote sensing has been a challenging task of growing interest in recent years. Particularly, many studies exploit earlier empirical models together with the latest multispectral satellite imagery (e.g., Sentinel 2, Landsat 8). However, in these studies, the accuracy of resulting bathymetry is (a) limited for deeper waters (>15 m) and/or (b) is being influenced by seafloor type albedo. This study explores further the capabilities of hyperspectral satellite imagery (Hyperion), which provides several spectral bands in the visible spectrum, along with existing reference bathymetry. Bathymetry predictors are created by applying the semi-empirical approach of band ratios on hyperspectral imagery. Then, these predictors are fed to machine learning regression algorithms for predicting bathymetry. Algorithm performance is being further compared to bathymetry predictions from multiple linear regression analysis. Following the initial predictions, the residual bathymetry values are interpolated by applying the Ordinary Kriging method. Then, the predicted bathymetry from all three algorithms along with their associated residual grids is used as predictors at a second processing stage. Validation results show that by using a second stage of processing, the root-mean-square error values of predicted bathymetry is being improved by ≈1 m even for deeper water (up to 25 m). It is suggested that this approach is suitable for (a) contributing wide-scale, high-resolution shallow bathymetry toward the goals of the Seabed 2030 program and (b) as a coarse resolution alternative to effort-consuming single-beam sonar or costly airborne bathymetric laser surveying.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12213489
ISSN: 2072-4292
Date made live: 24 Nov 2020 13:38 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/529010

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