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Definition and characteristics of very-fine grained sedimentary rocks : clay, mudstone, shale and slate

Merriman, R.J.; Highley, D.E.; Cameron, D.G.. 2003 Definition and characteristics of very-fine grained sedimentary rocks : clay, mudstone, shale and slate. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 20pp. (CR/03/281N) (Unpublished)

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Abstract/Summary

Clay, shale, mudstone, siltstone and slate are all very fine-grained sedimentary rocks. Their character, including hardness, can vary markedly depending on their geological age and the extent to which they have been buried and altered by tectonic events. In general, therefore, slates and harder mudstone and shales tend to occur in geologically older rocks (pre–Permian > 280 million years). Whilst clays and mudstone are valued for their plasticity, which allows them to be shaped, slates are very hard and durable and economically valued because of their ability to be split along thin parallel cleavage planes. However, the terms slate and shale may be applied to rocks that lack plasticity and a sufficiently well developed slaty cleavage to make of them of commercial interest. These materials may be suitable for use for low-grade aggregate purposes.

Item Type: Publication - Report
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Economic Minerals
Funders/Sponsors: British Geological Survey, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This item has been internally reviewed, but not externally peer-reviewed.
Date made live: 09 Apr 2020 13:03 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/527458

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