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Paleozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary bedrock geology and lithostratigraphy of Singapore

Dodd, Thomas J.H.; Gillespie, Martin R.; Leslie, A. Graham; Kearsey, Timothy I.; Kendall, Rhian S.; Bide, Thomas P.; Dobbs, Marcus R.; Millar, Ian L.; Lee, Michael Kim Woon; Chiam, Kiefer; Goay, Michael. 2019 Paleozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary bedrock geology and lithostratigraphy of Singapore. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 180, 103878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2019.103878

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Abstract/Summary

A new lithostratigraphical framework for Singapore is proposed, based on the analysis of c. 20,000 m of core recovered from 121 c. 205 m deep boreholes and augmented with 218 field localities from across Singapore. The new framework describes a succession dating from the Carboniferous to the Quaternary. New U-Pb detrital zircon dates and fossil analysis were used to constrain the ages of key sedimentary units. The oldest known sedimentary rocks in Singapore are found to be the deformed Carboniferous (Mississippian) Sajahat Formation. These are succeeded by the newly erected, Middle and Upper Triassic, marine to continental Jurong Group and Sentosa Group successions that accumulated in the southern part of the Semantan Basin. The Jurong Group comprises four formations: the Tuas Formation, the Pulau Ayer Chawan Formation, the Pandan Formation and the Boon Lay Formation. The Sentosa Group contains two formations: the Tanjong Rimau Formation and the Fort Siloso Formation. In Singapore, the depositional record during this time is related to late Permian to Triassic arc magmatism in the southern part of the forearc basin to the Sukhothai Arc. The Jurong and Sentosa groups were deformed and weakly metamorphosed during the final stages of the Late Triassic to Early Jurassic orogenic event, deformation that led to the formation of the syn-orogenic conglomerates of the Buona Vista Formation. Following this, two distinct Lower Cretaceous sedimentary successions overstepped the Jurong and Sentosa group strata, including the Kusu Formation and the Bukit Batok Formation, both deposited in the southern part of the Tembeling Basin. A series of Neogene to Quaternary formations overly the Mesozoic and Palaeozoic stratigraphy, including the Fort Canning Formation, Bedok Formation and the Kallang Group.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2019.103878
ISSN: 13679120
Date made live: 06 Aug 2019 14:05 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/524640

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