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Making geology relevant for infrastructure and planning

Terrington, R.L.; Thorpe, S.; Kessler, H.; Bidarmaghz, A.; Choudhary, R.; Yuan, M.; Bricker, S.. 2019 Making geology relevant for infrastructure and planning. In: International Conference on Smart Infrastructure and Construction 2019 (ICSIC), Cambridge, UK, 8-10 July 2019. ICE, 403-409.

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Abstract/Summary

The urban population is projected to rise to 66% in 2050 to 7.6 billion. This has had, and will have, a profound effect on the geological and geomorphological character of the Earth’s shallow geosphere. It is important to know the character and geometries of the geological deposits so that infrastructure is planned sensibly and sustainably, and urban areas can be reused responsibly to ensure that they help facilitate economic and social development. This brings major challenges for our cities, where there is increased pressure on resources, space and services. The geosciences have an important part to play in securing sustainable global cities - they can support urban innovation and city performance, reduce our environmental footprint and ensure greater resilience to natural hazards such as flooding and ground instability. For more than 30 years the British Geological Survey has advanced the geoscientific understanding and 3D characterisation of urban environments, producing multi-themed spatial datasets for geohazards and ground investigation used across the environmental, planning and insurance sectors. The BGS have collaborated with the University of Cambridge to better integrate geological data with landuse and infrastructure to look at the long-term impact on these types of activities at surface and subsurface. A 3D GeoLanduse layer was produced from the geological framework model of London. This vector-based grid means that many soil and rock properties (e.g. foundation conditions, groundwater levels, volume change potential), can be represented alongside landuse statistics and infrastructure type and correlated in the XYZ domain. Focus has been at geothermal potential of the ground surrounding residential basements and the broader correlation between geology, energy consumption and landuse at city scale using principle component analysis and cluster recognition.

Item Type: Publication - Conference Item (Paper)
Date made live: 26 Jul 2019 11:47 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/524541

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