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Rewilding complex ecosystems

Perino, Andrea; Pereira, Henrique M.; Navarro, Laetitia M.; Fernández, Néstor; Bullock, James M.; Ceaușu, Silvia; Cortés-Avizanda, Ainara; van Klink, Roel; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Lomba, Angela; Pe’er, Guy; Plieninger, Tobias; Rey Benayas, José M.; Sandom, Christopher J.; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Wheeler, Helen C.. 2019 Rewilding complex ecosystems. Science, 364 (6438), eaav5570. 8, pp. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav5570

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Abstract/Summary

The practice of rewilding has been both promoted and criticized in recent years. Benefits include flexibility to react to environmental change and the promotion of opportunities for society to reconnect with nature. Criticisms include the lack of a clear conceptualization of rewilding, insufficient knowledge about possible outcomes, and the perception that rewilding excludes people from landscapes. Here, we present a framework for rewilding that addresses these concerns. We suggest that rewilding efforts should target trophic complexity, natural disturbances, and dispersal as interacting processes that can improve ecosystem resilience and maintain biodiversity. We propose a structured approach to rewilding projects that includes assessment of the contributions of nature to people and the social-ecological constraints on restoration.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav5570
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Biodiversity (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 0036-8075
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 01 May 2019 13:47 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/523175

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