nerc.ac.uk

Impact of open-ocean convection on particle fluxes and sediment dynamics in the deep margin of the Gulf of Lions

Stabholz, M.; Durrieu de Madron, X.; Canals, M.; Khripounoff, A.; Taupier-Letage, I.; Testor, P.; Heussner, S.; Kerhervé, P.; Delsaut, N.; Houpert, L.; Lastras, G.; Dennielou, B.. 2013 Impact of open-ocean convection on particle fluxes and sediment dynamics in the deep margin of the Gulf of Lions. Biogeosciences, 10 (2). 1097-1116. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-1097-2013

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
bg-10-1097-2013.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (7MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

The deep outer margin of the Gulf of Lions and the adjacent basin, in the western Mediterranean Sea, are regularly impacted by open-ocean convection, a major hydrodynamic event responsible for the ventilation of the deep water in the western Mediterranean Basin. However, the impact of open-ocean convection on the flux and transport of particulate matter remains poorly understood. The variability of water mass properties (i.e., temperature and salinity), currents, and particle fluxes were monitored between September 2007 and April 2009 at five instrumented mooring lines deployed between 2050 and 2350-m depth in the deepest continental margin and adjacent basin. Four of the lines followed a NW–SE transect, while the fifth one was located on a sediment wave field to the west. The results of the main, central line SC2350 ("LION") located at 42°02.5′ N, 4°41′ E, at 2350-m depth, show that open-ocean convection reached mid-water depth (≈ 1000-m depth) during winter 2007–2008, and reached the seabed (≈ 2350-m depth) during winter 2008–2009. Horizontal currents were unusually strong with speeds up to 39 cm s−1 during winter 2008–2009. The measurements at all 5 different locations indicate that mid-depth and near-bottom currents and particle fluxes gave relatively consistent values of similar magnitude across the study area except during winter 2008–2009, when near-bottom fluxes abruptly increased by one to two orders of magnitude. Particulate organic carbon contents, which generally vary between 3 and 5%, were abnormally low (≤ 1%) during winter 2008–2009 and approached those observed in surface sediments (≈ 0.6%). Turbidity profiles made in the region demonstrated the existence of a bottom nepheloid layer, several hundred meters thick, and related to the resuspension of bottom sediments. These observations support the view that open-ocean deep convection events in the Gulf of Lions can cause significant remobilization of sediments in the deep outer margin and the basin, with a subsequent alteration of the seabed likely impacting the functioning of the deep-sea ecosystem.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-1097-2013
ISSN: 1726-4189
Date made live: 04 Feb 2019 14:57 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/522163

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...