nerc.ac.uk

Prototype wireless sensors for monitoring subsurface processes in snow and firn

Bagshaw, Elizabeth A.; Karlsson, Nanna B.; Lok, Lai Bun; Lishman, Ben; Clare, Lindsay; Nicholls, Keith W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2188-4509; Burrow, Steve; Wadham, Jemma L.; Eisen, Olaf; Corr, Hugh; Brennan, Paul; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe. 2018 Prototype wireless sensors for monitoring subsurface processes in snow and firn. Journal of Glaciology, 64 (248). 887-896. https://doi.org/10.1017/jog.2018.76

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
prototype_wireless_sensors_for_monitoring_subsurface_processes_in_snow_and_firn.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (727kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

The detection and monitoring of meltwater within firn presents a significant monitoring challenge. We explore the potential of small wireless sensors (ETracer+, ET+) to measure temperature, pressure, electrical conductivity and thus the presence or absence of meltwater within firn, through tests in the dry snow zone at the East Greenland Ice Core Project site. The tested sensor platforms are small, robust and low cost, and communicate data via a VHF radio link to surface receivers. The sensors were deployed in low-temperature firn at the centre and shear margins of an ice stream for 4 weeks, and a ‘bucket experiment’ was used to test the detection of water within otherwise dry firn. The tests showed the ET+ could log subsurface temperatures and transmit the recorded data through up to 150 m dry firn. Two VHF receivers were tested: an autonomous phase-sensitive radio-echo sounder (ApRES) and a WinRadio. The ApRES can combine high-resolution imaging of the firn layers (by radio-echo sounding) with in situ measurements from the sensors, to build up a high spatial and temporal resolution picture of the subsurface. These results indicate that wireless sensors have great potential for long-term monitoring of firn processes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1017/jog.2018.76
ISSN: 0022-1430
Additional Keywords: glaciological instruments and methods, melt-surface, polar firn, snow/ice surface processes
Date made live: 23 Jan 2019 09:33 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/522074

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...