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Air pollution and brain health: defining the research agenda

Russ, Tom C.; Reis, Stefan; van Tongeren, Martie. 2019 Air pollution and brain health: defining the research agenda. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 32 (2). 97-104. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000480

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Abstract/Summary

Purpose of review: The literature on air pollution and brain health is rapidly expanding and it is a universal finding that greater exposure to air pollution is associated with worse outcomes, whatever the measure of brain health used (clinical dementia, neuroimaging correlates, or cognitive impairment). However, there are a number of important questions which the studies currently published are not able to answer: when in the life course does exposure to air pollution most have the most impact?; which pollutant(s) or components are most important?; and since dementia describes a heterogeneous group of conditions, which is most affected by exposure to air pollution? Recent findings: We briefly review and discuss the nine articles which have been published so far in 2018, so recently that they were not included in the four review articles also published this year. We highlight the variation in estimates of air pollution used but the consistency in deriving them from residential address (with or without some knowledge of an individual's previous home locations). Summary: We are now at the stage when the research agenda needs to be agreed and we believe these three questions should be the focus of future research.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000480
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Atmospheric Chemistry and Effects (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 0951-7367
Additional Keywords: dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, ageing, epidemiology, risk factors, air pollution, environment, life course
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Health
Date made live: 02 Jan 2019 15:36 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/521931

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