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Long-term aerosol measurements in Gran Canaria, Canary Islands: Particle concentration, sources and elemental composition

Gelado-Caballero, María D.; López-García, Patricia; Prieto, Sandra; Patey, Matthew D.; Collado, Cayetano; Hérnández-Brito, José J.. 2012 Long-term aerosol measurements in Gran Canaria, Canary Islands: Particle concentration, sources and elemental composition. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 117 (D3). n/a-n/a. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016646

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Abstract/Summary

There are very few sets of long‐term measurements of aerosol concentrations over the North Atlantic Ocean, yet such data is invaluable in quantifying atmospheric dust inputs to this ocean region. We present an 8‐year record of total suspended particles (TSP) collected at three stations on Gran Canaria Island, Spain (Taliarte at sea level, Tafira 269 m above sea level (a.s.l.) and Pico de la Gorra 1930 m a.s.l.). Using wet and dry deposition measurements, the mean dust flux was calculated at 42.3 mg m−2 d−1. Air mass back trajectories (HYSPLIT, NOAA) suggested that the Sahara desert is the major source of African dust (dominant during 32–50% of days), while the Sahel desert was the major source only 2–10% of the time (maximum in summer). Elemental composition ratios of African samples indicate that, despite the homogeneity of the dust in collected samples, some signatures of the bedrocks can still be detected. Differences were found for the Sahel, Central Sahara and North of Sahara regions in Ti/Al, Mg/Al and Ca/Al ratios, respectively. Elements often associated with pollution (Pb, Cd, Ni, Zn) appeared to share a common origin, while Cu may have a predominantly local source, as suggested by a decrease in the enrichment factor (EF) of Cu during dust events. The inter‐annual variability of dust concentrations is investigated in this work. During winter, African dust concentration measurements at the Pico de la Gorra station were found to correlate with the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016646
ISSN: 01480227
Date made live: 21 Dec 2018 12:34 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/521920

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