nerc.ac.uk

South American-Antarctic plate motion over the past 50 Myr, and the evolution of the South American-Antarctic ridge

Barker, Peter F.; Lawver, Lawrence. A.. 1988 South American-Antarctic plate motion over the past 50 Myr, and the evolution of the South American-Antarctic ridge. Geophysical Journal International, 94 (3). 377-386. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.1988.tb02261.x

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract/Summary

Magnetic and bathymetric data from the South American-Antarctic plate boundary east of the South Sandwich trench have been interpreted to produce ocean floor ages, spreading rates and directions. SAM-ANT motion over the past 50 Myr has been slow (10–15 mm yr‒1 half rates). About 20 Ma the spreading direction changed from 120°-300° to the present E-W. These results have been combined with similar data from the South Atlantic and Southwest Indian Oceans to calculate six poles and rates of SAM-ANT motion covering the past 50 Myr. The change at 20 Ma appears to have originated the long-offset Bullard and South Sandwich fracture zones. The change may have been facilitated, or even triggered, by ridge crest-trench collision along the South Scotia Ridge, east of the South Orkney Islands. This event however, could not alone have caused a stable change. It is concluded that the global balance of forces may for long periods be imperfectly reflected in plate motions, because of the constraining effects of long fracture zone offsets on the directions of plate motion, and that the ‘causes’ of abrupt changes in direction may precede them by several million years.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.1988.tb02261.x
ISSN: 0956-540X
Additional Keywords: Antarctic, South Atlantic, plate motion, plate boundaries, fracture zones, driving forces
Date made live: 13 Nov 2018 09:00 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/521473

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...