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The cultural importance and international recognition of the Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus populations of Windermere, UK

Winfield, Ian J.; Berry, Richard; Iddon, Henry. 2018 The cultural importance and international recognition of the Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus populations of Windermere, UK. Hydrobiologia. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-018-3814-6

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Abstract/Summary

The Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus populations of Windermere, England’s largest natural lake in the Lake District of north-west England, have been studied since the 1940s. However, the species’ cultural importance has a much longer history and these populations have been fished since 1223. As early as 1660, Arctic charr were exploited in a high-profile commercial net fishery and greatly enjoyed by locals and in a ‘potted’ form by wealthier members of UK society. However, overfishing led to substantially decreased catches and commercial netting was stopped in 1921. Local fishing for Arctic charr persists to the present as a small recreational plumb-line fishery using artificial lures. These fishing activities and resulting catches have long held great cultural interest for the local community and visiting national and international tourists. The cultural importance of the Arctic charr populations of Windermere has recently been the subject of national media interest that culminated in a 2017 documentary film highlighting environmental issues facing the Arctic charr and also celebrating the role of this iconic species in the cultural life of Windermere. In addition, international recognition of the Arctic charr populations of Windermere also contributed to the Lake District becoming a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2017.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-018-3814-6
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Water Resources (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 0018-8158
Additional Keywords: conservation, ecosystem services, environmental management, fisheries, overfishing, public profile
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 14 Nov 2018 13:39 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/521363

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