nerc.ac.uk

Seasonal and herbivore-induced dynamics of foliar glucosinolates in wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea)

Gols, Rieta; van Dam, Nicole M.; Reichelt, Michael; Gershenzon, Jonathan; Raaijmakers, Ciska E.; Bullock, James M.; Harvey, Jeffrey A.. 2018 Seasonal and herbivore-induced dynamics of foliar glucosinolates in wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea). Chemoecology, 28 (3). 77-89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00049-018-0258-4

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
N520243JA.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Levels of plant secondary metabolites are not static and often change in relation to plant ontogeny. They also respond to abiotic and biotic changes in the environment, e.g., they often increase in response to biotic stress, such as herbivory. In contrast with short-lived annual plant species, especially those with growing periods of less than 2–3 months, investment in defensive compounds of vegetative tissues in biennial and perennial species may also vary over the course of an entire growing season. In garden experiments, we investigated the dynamics of secondary metabolites, i.e. glucosinolates (GSLs) in the perennial wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea), which was grown from seeds originating from three populations that differ in GSL chemistry. We compared temporal long-term dynamics of GSLs over the course of two growing seasons and short-term dynamics in response to herbivory by Pieris rapae caterpillars in a more controlled greenhouse experiment. Long-term dynamics differed for aliphatic GSLs (gradual increase from May to December) and indole GSLs (rapid increase until mid-summer after which concentrations decreased or stabilized). In spring, GSL levels in new shoots were similar to those found in the previous year. Short-term dynamics in response to herbivory primarily affected indole GSLs, which increased during the 2-week feeding period by P. rapae. Herbivore-induced changes in the concentrations of aliphatic GSLs were population-specific and their concentrations were found to increase in primarily one population only. We discuss our results considering the biology and ecology of wild cabbage.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s00049-018-0258-4
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Biodiversity (Science Area 2017-)
Unaffiliated
ISSN: 0937-7409
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: Brassica oleracea, cabbage, glucosinolates, plant defence, plant insect interactions, secondary plant metabolites
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 08 Jun 2018 15:01 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/520243

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...