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Spatial scales of marine conservation management for breeding seabirds

Oppel, Steffen; Bolton, Mark; Carneiro, Anna P.B.; Dias, Maria P.; Green, Jonathan A.; Masello, Juan F.; Phillips, Richard A.; Owen, Ellie; Quillfeldt, Petra; Beard, Annalea; Bertrand, Sophie; Blackburn, Jez; Boersma, P. Dee; Borges, Alder; Broderick, Annette C.; Catry, Paulo; Cleasby, Ian; Clingham, Elizabeth; Creuwels, Jeroen; Crofts, Sarah; Cuthbert, Richard J.; Dallmeijer, Hanneke; Davies, Delia; Davies, Rachel; Dilley, Ben J.; Dinis, Herculano Andrade; Dossa, Justine; Dunn, Michael J.; Efe, Marcio A.; Fayet, Annette L.; Figueiredo, Leila; Frederico, Adelcides Pereira; Gjerdrum, Carina; Godley, Brendan J.; Granadeiro, José Pedro; Guilford, Tim; Hamer, Keith C.; Hazin, Carolina; Hedd, April; Henry, Leeann; Hernández-Montero, Marcos; Hinke, Jefferson; Kokubun, Nobuo; Leat, Eliza; McFarlane Tranquilla, Laura; Metzger, Benjamin; Militao, Teresa; Monstrond, Gilson; Mullié, Wim; Padget, Oliver; Pearmain, Elizabeth; Pollet, Ingrid L.; Puetz, Klemens; Quintana, Flavio; Ratcliffe, Norman; Ronconi, Robert A.; Ryan, Peter G.; Saldanha, Sarah; Shoji, Akiko; Sim, Jolene; Small, Cleo; Soanes, Louise; Takahashi, Akinori; Trathan, Phil; Trivelpiece, Wayne; Veen, Jan; Wakefield, Ewan; Weber, Nicola; Weber, Sam; Zango, Laura; Daunt, Francis; Ito, Motohiro; Harris, Michael P.; Newell, Mark A.; Wanless, Sarah; González-Solís, Jacob; Croxall, John. 2018 Spatial scales of marine conservation management for breeding seabirds. Marine Policy, 98. 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.08.024

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This is a postprint of an article published in Marine Policy. The final published version is available online at
RevisedManuscript_MarinePolicy.pdf - Accepted Version
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Abstract/Summary

Knowing the spatial scales at which effective management can be implemented is fundamental for conservation planning. This is especially important for mobile species, which can be exposed to threats across large areas, but the space use requirements of different species can vary to an extent that might render some management approaches inefficient. Here the space use patterns of seabirds were examined to provide guidance on whether conservation management approaches should be tailored for taxonomic groups with different movement characteristics. Seabird tracking data were synthesised from 5419 adult breeding individuals of 52 species in ten families that were collected in the Atlantic Ocean basin between 1998 and 2017. Two key aspects of spatial distribution were quantified, namely how far seabirds ranged from their colony, and to what extent individuals from the same colony used the same areas at sea. There was evidence for substantial differences in patterns of space-use among the ten studied seabird families, indicating that several alternative conservation management approaches are needed. Several species exhibited large foraging ranges and little aggregation at sea, indicating that area-based conservation solutions would have to be extremely large to adequately protect such species. The results highlight that short-ranging and aggregating species such as cormorants, auks, some penguins, and gulls would benefit from conservation approaches at relatively small spatial scales during their breeding season. However, improved regulation of fisheries, bycatch, pollution and other threats over large spatial scales will be needed for wide-ranging and dispersed species such as albatrosses, petrels, storm petrels and frigatebirds.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.08.024
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Biodiversity (Science Area 2017-)
CEH Fellows
ISSN: 0308-597X
Additional Keywords: foraging range, marine protected area, spatial aggregation, telemetry, tracking, value of information
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Marine Sciences
Date made live: 01 Nov 2018 13:37 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519932

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