nerc.ac.uk

The effect of tillage management and its interaction with site conditions and plant functional traits on plant species establishment during meadow restoration

Czerwiński, Marek; Woodcock, Ben A.; Golińska, Barbara; Kotowski, Wiktor. 2018 The effect of tillage management and its interaction with site conditions and plant functional traits on plant species establishment during meadow restoration. Ecological Engineering, 117. 28-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.03.017

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img] Text
N519920PP.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to NORA staff only until July 2019.

Download (1MB)

Abstract/Summary

The restoration of grasslands is a key management practice that supports biodiversity across Europe. On species poor grasslands and ex-arable fields, the establishment of plant species is often limited by the availability of habitat niches, in particular space to germinate. We investigated the impacts of full inversion tillage and its interaction with site conditions and functional traits on the abundance of 51 plant species sown into a 2 ha ex-arable site in Poland. Soils of the donor site were characterized by high levels of heterogeneity in terms of water content and plant availability of N, P and K. One year after sowing the cover of species typical of semi-natural grasslands was significantly higher on the tilled plots than on the non-tilled plots. However, in the case of widespread generalist species the tillage of soil resulted in no significant effect on their establishing percentage cover. The establishment of plants on the tilled area was more successful where soils were relatively rich in mineral N. It was also more successful for species with low Ellenberg’s N values. Species indicative of moist soil established poorly where the soil was tilled. This study has clear implications for the applied restoration of grasslands, demonstrating a vital role of soil tillage to promote the establishment of species typical of semi-natural grasslands. This is particularly important where seed mixtures may contain both desirable and undesirable competitive species that would disproportionately benefit from the absence of tillage management.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.03.017
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Biodiversity (Science Area 2017-)
ISSN: 0925-8574
Additional Keywords: community assembly, ecological filtering, species-rich grassland, plowing, gaps, seed size
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Agriculture and Soil Science
Date made live: 30 Apr 2018 13:23 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519920

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...