nerc.ac.uk

Seasonal Cycles of Oceanic Transports in the Eastern Subpolar North Atlantic

Gary, Stefan F.; Cunningham, Stuart A.; Johnson, Clare; Houpert, Loïc; Holliday, N. Penny; Behrens, Erik; Biastoch, Arne; Böning, Claus W.. 2018 Seasonal Cycles of Oceanic Transports in the Eastern Subpolar North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123 (2). 1471-1484. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013350

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img] Text
Gary_etal_2018_jgrc22695.pdf
Restricted to NORA staff only

Download (8MB)

Abstract/Summary

The variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) may play a role in sea surface temperature predictions on seasonal to decadal time scales. Therefore, AMOC seasonal cycles are a potential baseline for interpreting predictions. Here, we present estimates for the seasonal cycle of transports of volume, temperature, and freshwater associated with the upper limb of the AMOC in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic on the Extended Ellett Line hydrographic section between Scotland and Iceland. Due to weather, ship-based observations are primarily in summer. Recent glider observations during other seasons present an opportunity to investigate the seasonal variability in the upper layer of the AMOC. First, we document a new method to quality control and merge ship, float, and glider hydrographic observations. This method accounts for the different spatial sampling rates of the three platforms. The merged observations are used to compute seasonal cycles of volume, temperature, and freshwater transports in the Rockall Trough. These estimates are similar to the seasonal cycles in two eddy-resolving ocean models. Volume transport appears to be the primary factor modulating other Rockall Trough transports. Finally, we show that the weakest transports occur in summer, consistent with seasonal changes in the regional-scale wind stress curl. Although the seasonal cycle is weak compared to other variability in this region, the amplitude of the seasonal cycle in the Rockall Trough, roughly 0.5 to 1 Sv about a mean of 3.4 Sv, may account for up to 7 to 14% of the heat flux between Scotland and Greenland.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013350
ISSN: 21699275
Date made live: 26 Feb 2018 14:23 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/519393

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...