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Critical metals in Iran – geochemistry: exploration and analysis

Sadeghi, Martiya; Afzal, Peyman; Goodenough, Kathryn. 2017 Critical metals in Iran – geochemistry: exploration and analysis. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 181. 292-293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.08.009

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Abstract/Summary

Critical metals are fundamental to many 21st century processes and technologies. These elements are essential for maintaining and improving future quality of life, including many high-technology yet low-carbon industries. Two factors have been used by the NRC (National Research Council) to rank criticality: the degree to which a commodity is essential and the risk of supply disruption for the commodity (Verplanch and Hitzman, 2016). The European Union has identified twenty critical raw materials as critical metals (Ec, 2015). Many of these critical materials (including Rare Earth Elements (REEs), Platinum Group Elements (PGEs), Magnesium, Niobium, Germanium, Indium, Gallium, Cobalt, Borate, Tungsten, Fluorspar are important for high-technology, environmental protection and military applications, but vulnerable to politically or economically driven fluctuations in supply (Pirajno, 2009; Laznicka, 2010; Charalampides et al., 2015; Fernandez, 2017). Tin, Molybdenum and Lithium) are included as critical metals by several countries (e.g. Australia; Skirrow et al., 2013). Of course a number of other metals, which have not been assessed as critical, are also of significant importance for modern technologies – these include some of the alloy metals such as chromium, nickel and molybdenum.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.08.009
ISSN: 03756742
Date made live: 12 Jan 2018 13:33 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/518944

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