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Photochemical oxidation of dimethylsulphide to dimethylsulphoxide in estuarine and coastal waters

Uher, Günther; Pillans, J. Julian; Hatton, Angela D.; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.. 2017 Photochemical oxidation of dimethylsulphide to dimethylsulphoxide in estuarine and coastal waters. Chemosphere, 186. 805-816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.08.050

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Abstract/Summary

Dimethylsulphide (DMS) photo-oxidation and dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) photoproduction were estimated in 26 laboratory irradiations of coastal samples from NE England (Tyne estuary) and W Scotland (Loch Linnhe and River Nant at Taynuilt). Pseudo-first order rate constants of DMS photo-oxidation (0.038 h−1 to 0.345 h−1) and DMSO photo-production (0.017 h−1 to 0.283 h−1) varied by one order of magnitude and were lowest in the coastal North Sea. Estuarine samples (salinity S < 30) had a mean DMSO yield of 96 ± 16% (n = 14), consistent with 1:1 M conversion via photosensitised oxidation by singlet oxygen. Photochemical rate constants were strongly correlated with coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption coefficients at 350 nm, a350. Variations in a350 explained 61% (R2 = 0.61, n = 26) and 73% (R2 = 0.73, n = 17) of the variability in DMS photo-oxidation and DMSO production, respectively. However, CDOM normalised photochemical rate constants increased strongly towards coastal waters exhibiting lowest CDOM absorbance, indicating water samples of marine character (S > 30) to be most reactive with respect to DMS photo-oxidation. Estimates of water column averaged DMS photo-oxidation rate constants, obtained by scaling to mean daily irradiance (July, NE England) and mid-UV underwater irradiance, were 0.012 d−1, 0.019 d−1, and 0.017 d−1 for upper estuary (S < 20), lower estuary (20 < S < 30) and coastal waters (S > 30), at the lower end of previous observations. Comparing our water column averaged DMS photo-oxidation rate constants with estimated DMS losses via air-sea gas exchange and previously reported biological consumption implies that DMS photochemical removal is of only minor importance in our study area.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.08.050
ISSN: 00456535
Date made live: 03 Nov 2017 11:45 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/518204

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