nerc.ac.uk

Long-term increases in soil carbon due to ecosystem fertilization by atmospheric nitrogen deposition demonstrated by regional-scale modelling and observations

Tipping, E.; Davies, J.A.C.; Henrys, P.A.; Kirk, G.J.D.; Lilly, A.; Dragosits, U.; Carnell, E.J.; Dore, A.J.; Sutton, M.A.; Tomlinson, S.J.. 2017 Long-term increases in soil carbon due to ecosystem fertilization by atmospheric nitrogen deposition demonstrated by regional-scale modelling and observations. Scientific Reports, 7, 1890. 11, pp. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02002-w

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
N517148JA.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Fertilization of nitrogen (N)-limited ecosystems by anthropogenic atmospheric nitrogen deposition (Ndep) may promote CO2 removal from the atmosphere, thereby buffering human effects on global radiative forcing. We used the biogeochemical ecosystem model N14CP, which considers interactions among C (carbon), N and P (phosphorus), driven by a new reconstruction of historical Ndep, to assess the responses of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks in British semi-natural landscapes to anthropogenic change. We calculate that increased net primary production due to Ndep has enhanced detrital inputs of C to soils, causing an average increase of 1.2 kgCm−2 (c. 10%) in soil SOC over the period 1750–2010. The simulation results are consistent with observed changes in topsoil SOC concentration in the late 20th Century, derived from sample-resample measurements at nearly 2000 field sites. More than half (57%) of the additional topsoil SOC is predicted to have a short turnover time (c. 20 years), and will therefore be sensitive to future changes in Ndep. The results are the first to validate model predictions of Ndep effects against observations of SOC at a regional field scale. They demonstrate the importance of long-term macronutrient interactions and the transitory nature of soil responses in the terrestrial C cycle.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02002-w
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Shore
Dise
Parr
ISSN: 2045-2322
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: carbon cycle, element cycles
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 14 Jun 2017 11:48 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/517148

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...