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Deep temperature variability in Drake Passage

Firing, Yvonne L.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Desbruyeres, Damien G.. 2017 Deep temperature variability in Drake Passage. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122 (1). 713-725. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC012452

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Accepted for publication in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. © 2016 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.
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Abstract/Summary

Observations made on 21 occupations between 1993 and 2016 of GO-SHIP line SR1b in eastern Drake Passage show an average temperature of 0.53°C deeper than 2000 dbar, with no significant trend, but substantial year-to-year variability (standard deviation 0.08°C). Using a neutral density framework to decompose the temperature variability into isopycnal displacement (heave) and isopycnal property change components shows that approximately 95% of the year-to-year variance in deep temperature is due to heave. Changes on isopycnals make a small contribution to year-to-year variability but contribute a significant trend of -1.4±0.6 m°C per year, largest for density (?n)?>?28.1, south of the Polar Front (PF). The heave component is depth-coherent and results from either vertical or horizontal motions of neutral density surfaces, which trend upward and northward around the PF, downward for the densest levels in the southern section, and downward and southward in the Subantarctic Front and Southern Antarctic Circumpolar Current Front (SACCF). A proxy for the locations of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) fronts is constructed from the repeat hydrographic data and has a strong relationship with deep ocean heat content, explaining 76% of deep temperature variance. The same frontal position proxy based on satellite altimeter-derived surface velocities explains 73% of deep temperature variance. The position of the PF plays the strongest role in this relationship between ACC fronts and deep temperature variability in Drake Passage, although much of the temperature variability in the southern half of the section can be explained by the position of the SACCF. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC012452
ISSN: 21699275
Additional Keywords: Temperature; trends; Southern Ocean
Date made live: 09 Jan 2017 16:25 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/515723

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