nerc.ac.uk

The time-dependent transfer factor of radiocesium from soil to game animals in Japan after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident

Tagami, Keiko; Howard, Brenda J.; Uchida, Shigeo. 2016 The time-dependent transfer factor of radiocesium from soil to game animals in Japan after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident. Environmental Science & Technology, 50 (17). 9424-9431. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b03011

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
N514362PP.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (599kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Since the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident, monitoring of tissues from hunted game animals ensures compliance with the standard food limits for radionuclides in Japan. We quantified the transfer of 137Cs from contaminated land to game animals using the Aggregated transfer factor (Tag = activity concentration in meat [Bq kg–1 fw]/amount in soil [Bq m–2]) of 137Cs for Asian black bear, wild boar, sika deer, green pheasant, copper pheasant and wild duck, collected between 2011 and 2015. Open data sources were used from Fukushima, Miyagi, Ibaraki, Tochigi, and Gunma prefectures. Our initially compiled data showed that the maximum reported 137Cs activity concentration in wild boar after the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident were lower than those reported after the Chernobyl accident. The geometric mean Tag values (m2kg–1 fw) of 137Cs in 2015 for Asian black bear, wild boar, sika deer and copper pheasant were similar (1.9–5.1) × 10–3 while those for green pheasant and wild duck were about 1 order of magnitude lower at (1.0–2.2) × 10–4. Effective half-lives were 1.2–6.9 y except for sika deer and copper pheasant where no decreases were found. In contrast to the Chernobyl accident, no seasonal change occurred in the meat 137Cs activity concentrations of the wild animals during the study period.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b03011
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Shore
ISSN: 0013-936X
Additional Keywords: radioecology
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Health
Date made live: 30 Aug 2016 14:39 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/514362

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...