nerc.ac.uk

Tunable diode laser measurements of hydrothermal/volcanic CO2 and implications for the global CO2 budget

Pedone, M.; Aiuppa, A.; Giudice, G.; Grassa, F.; Francofonte, V.; Bergsson, B.; Ilyinskaya, E.. 2014 Tunable diode laser measurements of hydrothermal/volcanic CO2 and implications for the global CO2 budget. Solid Earth, 5 (2). 1209-1221. https://doi.org/10.5194/se-5-1209-2014

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text (Open Access Paper)
se-5-1209-2014.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Quantifying the CO2 flux sustained by low-temperature fumarolic fields in hydrothermal/volcanic environments has remained a challenge, to date. Here, we explored the potential of a commercial infrared tunable laser unit for quantifying such fumarolic volcanic/hydrothermal CO2 fluxes. Our field tests were conducted between April 2013 and March 2014 at Nea Kameni (Santorini, Greece), Hekla and Krýsuvík (Iceland) and Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy). At these sites, the tunable laser was used to measure the path-integrated CO2 mixing ratios along cross sections of the fumaroles' atmospheric plumes. By using a tomographic post-processing routine, we then obtained, for each manifestation, the contour maps of CO2 mixing ratios in the plumes and, from their integration, the CO2 fluxes. The calculated CO2 fluxes range from low (5.7 ± 0.9 t d−1; Krýsuvík) to moderate (524 ± 108 t d−1; La Fossa crater, Vulcano). Overall, we suggest that the cumulative CO2 contribution from weakly degassing volcanoes in the hydrothermal stage of activity may be significant at the global scale.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.5194/se-5-1209-2014
ISSN: 1869-9529
Date made live: 23 Sep 2015 13:56 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511850

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...