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Seismic attenuation in fractured porous media: insights from a hybrid numerical and analytical model

Ekanem, A.M.; Li, X.Y.; Chapman, M.; Main, I.G.. 2015 Seismic attenuation in fractured porous media: insights from a hybrid numerical and analytical model. Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, 12 (2). 210-219. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-2132/12/2/210

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Abstract/Summary

Seismic attenuation in fluid-saturated porous rocks can occur by geometric spreading, wave scattering or the internal dissipation of energy, most likely due to the squirt-flow mechanism. In principle, the pattern of seismic attenuation recorded on an array of sensors contains information about the medium, in terms of material heterogeneity and anisotropy, as well as material properties such as porosity, crack density, and pore-fluid composition and mobility. In practice, this inverse problem is challenging. Here we provide some insights into the effects of internal dissipation by analysing synthetic data produced by a hybrid numerical and analytical model for seismic wave propagation in a fractured medium embedded within a layered geological structure. The model is made up of one anisotropic and three isotropic horizontal layers. The anisotropic layer consists of a porous, fluid-saturated material containing vertically aligned inclusions representing a set of fractures. This combination allows squirt-flow to occur between the pores in the matrix and the model fractures. Our results show that the fluid mobility and the associated relaxation time of the fluid-pressure gradient control the frequency range over which attenuation occurs. This induced attenuation increases with incidence angle and azimuth away from the fracture strike-direction. Azimuthal variations in the induced attenuation are elliptical allowing the fracture orientations to be obtained from the axes of the ellipse. These observations hold out the potential of using seismic attenuation as an additional diagnostic in the characterisation of rock formations for a variety of applications including hydrocarbon exploration and production, subsurface storage of CO2, and geothermal energy extraction.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-2132/12/2/210
ISSN: 1742-2132
Date made live: 31 Jul 2015 15:27 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511415

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