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The structural, metamorphic and magmatic evolution of Mesoproterozoic orogens

Roberts, Nick M.W.; Slagstad, Trond; Viola, Giulio. 2015 The structural, metamorphic and magmatic evolution of Mesoproterozoic orogens. Precambrian Research, 265. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2015.05.031

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Abstract/Summary

The Mesoproterozoic (1600–1000 Ma) is an Era of Earth history that has been defined in the literature as being quiescent in terms of both tectonics and the evolution of the biosphere and atmosphere (Holland, 2006, Piper, 2013b and Young, 2013). The ‘boring billion’ is an informal term that is given to a time period overlapping the Mesoproterozoic period, extending from 1.85 to 0.85 Ga (Holland, 2006). Orogenesis was not absent from this period however, with various continents featuring active accretionary orogenesis along their margins for the entire Mesoproterozoic (see Condie, 2013 and Roberts, 2013), and others featuring major continental collisional orogenesis that relates to the formation of the supercontinent Rodinia towards the end of the Mesoproterozoic. Looking at it another way, this period followed the formation of perhaps the first long-lived supercontinent, Columbia (a.k.a. Nuna), and then it prepared the ground for the momentous geological and biological events in the Neoproterozoic that paved the way for the Cambrian explosion of life. As such it is a very important period of Earth history to understand better. Do orogens formed in the Mesoproterozoic differ from those formed in the recent past, or those formed in early Earth history, and if so in what way? Do orogens in the Mesoproterozoic have distinct structural, metamorphic or magmatic characteristics? How are Mesoproterozoic orogens related geodynamically and kinematically? These are overarching questions that this collection of sixteen research papers aims to address. This introduction presents a brief discussion of the contribution of these papers to these questions and topics.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2015.05.031
ISSN: 03019268
Date made live: 30 Jun 2015 11:28 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/511206

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