Ship wake field analysis using a coupled BEMt-RANS approach

Badoe, C.; Turnock, S.R.; Phillips, A.B.. 2014 Ship wake field analysis using a coupled BEMt-RANS approach. In: NuTTS ’14: 17th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium, Marstrand, Sweden, 28-30 Sep 2014. Marstrand, Sweden, Chalmers University of Technology, 6pp.

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The prediction of a ship’s wake field and self-propulsion capabilities has traditionally been centered on experiments; however with the advancement in modern computing power, this can be achieved through the use of computational methods. An advantage with the use of CFD is its ability to provide insight into flow characteristics close to the wall, which are difficult to obtain through experiments. The most interesting and challenging aspect of using CFD in this analysis, is the influence of the propeller action and the unsteady hydrodynamic of the rudder working in the propeller wake. One approach to address the problem is to discretize the ship, propulsor and the rudder using unsteady RANS computations (Carrica et al., 2011). Due to the small time steps and high computational cost involved, simulations are often performed using representative propeller models or body force method. The level of complexities in the body force propeller approach varies from prescribing the body forces, Badoe et al., (2012), Phillips et al., (2010), through to coupling a more complex propeller performance code which accounts for the non-uniform inflow at the propeller plane, Phillips et al., (2009). There are several self-propulsion computations using body force propeller models reported in the literature. Banks et al., (2010) performed a RANS simulation of multiphase flow around the KCS hull form using a propeller model with force distribution based on the Hough and Ordway thrust and torque distribution (Hough and Ordway, 1965). Simonsen and Stern, (2003) coupled a body force propeller model based on potential theory formulation in which the propeller was represented by bound vortex sheets on the propeller disk and free vortices shed from the downstream of the propeller to a RANS code to simulate the manoeuvring characteristic of the Esso Osaka with a rudder. In the present work an investigation is carried out into the sensitivity with which the wakefield of a container ship in calm water is resolved using a coupled BEMt-RANS sectorial approach.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Date made live: 31 Mar 2015 09:16 +0 (UTC)

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