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Testing the application and limitation of stochastic simulations to predict the lithology of glacial and fluvial deposits in Central Glasgow, UK

Kearsey, Timothy; Williams, John; Finlayson, Andrew; Williamson, Paul; Dobbs, Marcus; Marchant, Benjamin; Kingdon, Andrew; Campbell, Diarmad. 2015 Testing the application and limitation of stochastic simulations to predict the lithology of glacial and fluvial deposits in Central Glasgow, UK. Engineering Geology, 187. 98 - 112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2014.12.017

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Abstract/Summary

Abstract Glacigenic and fluvial deposits of variable lithological composition underlie many major cities in Europe and North America. Traditional geological mapping and 3D modelling techniques rarely capture this complexity as they use lithostratigraphic designations which are commonly based on genesis and age rather than lithological compositions. In urban areas, thousands of boreholes have been, and continue to be, drilled to facilitate the planning, design and construction of buildings and infrastructure. While these data may provide the basis for geological maps and 3D models based on lithological interpretation, they are too numerous for manual correlation to be undertaken efficiently. In this paper we explore the application of largely automated stochastic modelling techniques to develop predictive lithology models for glacial and fluvial deposits in the city of Glasgow, UK. These techniques are commonly used to assess facies variation in oilfield models and are applied here in an urban setting using over 4000 borehole records. Predictions derived from these methods have been evaluated by removing control data and re-running the simulations. We demonstrate a moderate improvement in the prediction of lithology when using a lithologically-derived stochastic model compared with a conventionally interpolated lithostratigraphic model. It is possible to report uncertainty within the resulting models, either with probability maps or through a suite of plausible simulations of the lithologies across the study region.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2014.12.017
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 22 Jan 2015 14:57 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/509487

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