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Coccolithophore calcification response to past ocean acidification and climate change

O’Dea, Sarah A.; Gibbs, Samantha J.; Bown, Paul R.; Young, Jeremy R.; Poulton, Alex J.; Newsam, Cherry; Wilson, Paul A.. 2014 Coccolithophore calcification response to past ocean acidification and climate change. Nature Communications, 5. 5363. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6363

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Abstract/Summary

Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions are forcing rapid ocean chemistry changes and causing ocean acidification (OA), which is of particular significance for calcifying organisms, including planktonic coccolithophores. Detailed analysis of coccolithophore skeletons enables comparison of calcite production in modern and fossil cells in order to investigate biomineralization response of ancient coccolithophores to climate change. Here we show that the two dominant coccolithophore taxa across the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) OA global warming event (~56 million years ago) exhibited morphological response to environmental change and both showed reduced calcification rates. However, only Coccolithus pelagicus exhibits a transient thinning of coccoliths, immediately before the PETM, that may have been OA-induced. Changing coccolith thickness may affect calcite production more significantly in the dominant modern species Emiliania huxleyi, but, overall, these PETM records indicate that the environmental factors that govern taxonomic composition and growth rate will most strongly influence coccolithophore calcification response to anthropogenic change.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6363
ISSN: 2041-1723
Date made live: 03 Dec 2014 14:35 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/508978

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