West Nile virus in Europe: emergence, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

Sambri, V.; Capobianchi, M.; Charrel, R.; Fyodorova, M.; Gaibani, P.; Gould, E.; Niedrig, M.; Papa, A.; Pierro, A.; Rossini, G.; Varani, S.; Vocale, C.; Landini, M. P.. 2013 West Nile virus in Europe: emergence, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 19 (8). 699-704.

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West Nile virus (WNV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus in the Japanese encephalitis antigenic group, has caused sporadic outbreaks in humans, horses and birds throughout many of the warmer regions of Europe for at least 20 years. Occasional cases of West Nile encephalitis have also been associated with infected blood transfusions and organ donations. Currently, WNV appears to be expanding its geographical range in Europe and causing increasing numbers of epidemics/outbreaks associated with human morbidity and mortality. This brief review reports on the current epidemic situation regarding WNV in Europe, highlighting the clinical, diagnostic and preventive measures available for controlling this apparently emerging human pathogen

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: UKCEH Fellows
ISSN: 1198-743X
Additional Keywords: Clinical features, emerging infections, epidemiology, mosquito-borne infections, prevention, West Nile virus
NORA Subject Terms: Health
Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 25 Mar 2014 09:30 +0 (UTC)

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