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Timing of metamorphism of the Lansang gneiss and implications for left-lateral motion along the Mae Ping (Wang Chao) strike-slip fault, Thailand

Palin, R.M.; Searle, M.P.; Morley, C.K.; Charusiri, P.; Horstwood, M.S.A.; Roberts, N.M.W.. 2013 Timing of metamorphism of the Lansang gneiss and implications for left-lateral motion along the Mae Ping (Wang Chao) strike-slip fault, Thailand. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 76. 120-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.01.021

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Abstract/Summary

The Mae Ping fault (MPF), western Thailand, exhibits dominantly left-lateral strike-slip motion and stretches for >600 km, reportedly branching off the right-lateral Sagaing fault in Myanmar and extending southeast towards Cambodia. Previous studies have suggested that the fault assisted the large-scale extrusion of Sundaland that occurred during the Late Eocene–Early Oligocene, with a geological offset of ∼120–150 km estimated from displaced high-grade gneisses and granites of the Chiang Mai–Lincang belt. Exposures of high-grade orthogneiss in the Lansang National Park, part of this belt, locally contain strong mylonitic textures and are bounded by strike-slip ductile shear zones and brittle faults. Geochronological analysis of monazite from a sample of sheared biotite-K-feldspar orthogneiss suggests two episodes of crystallization, with core regions documenting Th–Pb ages between c. 123 and c. 114 Ma and rim regions documenting a significantly younger age range between c. 45–37 Ma. These data are interpreted to represent possible magmatic protolith emplacement for the Lansang orthogneiss during the Early Cretaceous, with a later episode of metamorphism occurring during the Eocene. Textural relationships provided by in situ analysis suggest that ductile shearing along the MPF occurred during the latter stages of, or after, this metamorphic event. In addition, monazite analyzed from an undeformed garnet-two-mica granite dyke intruding metamorphic units at Bhumipol Lake outside of the Mae Ping shear zone produced a Th–Pb age of 66.2 ± 1.6 Ma. This age is interpreted to date the timing of dyke emplacement, implying that the MPF cuts through earlier formed magmatic and high-grade metamorphic rocks. These new data, when combined with regional mapping and earlier geochronological work, show that neither metamorphism, nor regional cooling, was directly related to strike-slip motion.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.01.021
ISSN: 13679120
Date made live: 14 Mar 2014 15:16 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/506124

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