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Seasonal migration to high latitudes results in major reproductive benefits in an insect

Chapman, Jason W.; Bell, James R.; Burgin, Laura E.; Reynolds, Donald R.; Pettersson, Lars B.; Hill, Jane K.; Bonsall, Michael B.; Thomas, Jeremy A.. 2012 Seasonal migration to high latitudes results in major reproductive benefits in an insect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (37). 14924-14929. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1207255109

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Abstract/Summary

Little is known of the population dynamics of long-range insect migrants, and it has been suggested that the annual journeys of billions of nonhardy insects to exploit temperate zones during summer represent a sink from which future generations seldom return (the “Pied Piper” effect). We combine data from entomological radars and ground-based light traps to show that annual migrations are highly adaptive in the noctuid moth Autographa gamma (silver Y), a major agricultural pest. We estimate that 10–240 million immigrants reach the United Kingdom each spring, but that summer breeding results in a fourfold increase in the abundance of the subsequent generation of adults, all of which emigrate southward in the fall. Trajectory simulations show that 80% of emigrants will reach regions suitable for winter breeding in the Mediterranean Basin, for which our population dynamics model predicts a winter carrying capacity only 20% of that of northern Europe during the summer. We conclude not only that poleward insect migrations in spring result in major population increases, but also that the persistence of such species is dependent on summer breeding in high-latitude regions, which requires a fundamental change in our understanding of insect migration

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1207255109
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity
CEH Sections/Science Areas: CEH Fellows
ISSN: 0027-8424
Additional Keywords: windborne migration, source-sink dynamics
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Zoology
Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 17 Jan 2013 15:24 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/20949

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