Influence of sea surface wind wave turbulence upon wind-induced circulation, tide–surge interaction and bed stress

Xing, Jiuxing; Davies, Alan M.; Jones, John Eric. 2012 Influence of sea surface wind wave turbulence upon wind-induced circulation, tide–surge interaction and bed stress. Ocean Dynamics, 62 (7). 1017-1042.

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A three-dimensional finite volume unstructured mesh model of the west coast of Britain, with high resolution in the coastal regions, is used to investigate the role of wind wave turbulence and wind and tide forced currents in producing maximum bed stress in the eastern Irish Sea. The spatial distribution of the maximum bed stress, which is important in sediment transport problems, is determined, together with how it is modified by the direction of wind forced currents, tide–surge interaction and a surface source of wind wave turbulence associated with wave breaking. Initial calculations show that to first order the distribution of maximum bed stress is determined by the tide. However, since maximum sediment transport occurs at times of episodic events, such as storm surges, their effects upon maximum bed stresses are examined for the case of strong northerly, southerly and westerly wind forcing. Calculations show that due to tide–surge interaction both the tidal distribution and the surge are modified by non-linear effects. Consequently, the magnitude and spatial distribution of maximum bed stress during major wind events depends upon wind direction. In addition calculations show that a surface source of turbulence due to wind wave breaking in shallow water can influence the maximum bed stress. In turn, this influences the wind forced flow and hence the movement of suspended sediment. Calculations of the spatial variability of maximum bed stress indicate the level of measurements required for model validation.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: NOC Programmes
ISSN: 1616-7341
Additional Keywords: Circulation, Tide–surge interaction, Bed stress, Modelling, Irish Sea
Date made live: 03 Jul 2012 09:20 +0 (UTC)

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