nerc.ac.uk

Rapid transfer of photosynthetic carbon through the plant-soil system in differently managed species-rich grasslands

De Deyn, G.B.; Quirk, H.; Oakley, S.; Ostle, N.; Bardgett, R.D.. 2011 Rapid transfer of photosynthetic carbon through the plant-soil system in differently managed species-rich grasslands. Biogeosciences, 8 (5). 1131-1139. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-1131-2011

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
bg-8-1131-2011.pdf - Published Version

Download (321kB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Plant-soil interactions are central to short-term carbon (C) cycling through the rapid transfer of recently assimilated C from plant roots to soil biota. In grassland ecosystems, changes in C cycling are likely to be influenced by land use and management that changes vegetation and the associated soil microbial communities. Here we tested whether changes in grassland vegetation composition resulting from management for plant diversity influences short-term rates of C assimilation and transfer from plants to soil microbes. To do this, we used an in situ (13)C-CO(2) pulse-labelling approach to measure differential C uptake among different plant species and the transfer of the plant-derived (13)C to key groups of soil microbiota across selected treatments of a long-term plant diversity grassland restoration experiment. Results showed that plant taxa differed markedly in the rate of (13)C assimilation and concentration: uptake was greatest and (13)C concentration declined fastest in Ranunculus repens, and assimilation was least and (13)C signature remained longest in mosses. Incorporation of recent plant-derived (13)C was maximal in all microbial phosopholipid fatty acid (PLFA) markers at 24 h after labelling. The greatest incorporation of (13)C was in the PLFA 16:1 omega 5, a marker for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), while after 1 week most (13)C was retained in the PLFA18:2 omega 6,9 which is indicative of assimilation of plant-derived (13)C by saprophytic fungi. Our results of (13)C assimilation and transfer within plant species and soil microbes were consistent across management treatments. Overall, our findings suggest that plant diversity restoration management may not directly affect the C assimilation or retention of C by individual plant taxa or groups of soil microbes, it can impact on the fate of recent C by changing their relative abundances in the plant-soil system. Moreover, across all treatments we found that plant-derived C is rapidly transferred specifically to AMF and decomposer fungi, indicating their consistent key role in the cycling of recent plant derived C.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-1131-2011
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 2 - Ecological Processes in the Environment > BD - 2.3 - Identify indicators and traits of ecosystem status ...
CEH Sections/Science Areas: Shore
ISSN: 1726-4170
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Agriculture and Soil Science
Date made live: 11 Sep 2013 14:04 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/16728

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...